Migraine: A Neurological Disease, It is more Than Just a Headache

Migraine is a recurring and severe headache that is usually accompanied by sensory signs and symptoms. The pulsating and throbbing pain usually occurs on one side of the head. It can start with moderate pain and then gets severe as the problem rises within. The symptoms that typically occur along with migraine are nausea, vomiting, burning eyes, sensitivity increases to the stimulus of light and sound.

The patient gradually becomes weak and sensitive to every stimulus. The disease does not stop here; it becomes worse with the passing time. The intensity of the symptoms gets higher, and it becomes difficult for the patient to tolerate the pain. So, in this post, we are going to talk about various types of headaches, prevention to rid of migraine pain, and symptoms of migraine.

 

Types of Headaches

 

Migraine Headache

The migraine headache is usually characterized by the pain that occurs on one side of the head. The headache behind eyes also occurs with the increasing symptoms of nausea, vomiting, tingling sensations, and visual disturbances.

The focal migraine is a special type of migraine that occurs without headaches. The focal migraine diagnosis is made by careful examination and analysis by the doctor.

Various factors may trigger the migraine:

  • Mental Stress

  • Physical Stress

  • Anxiety

  • Loud noises

  • Bright light

  • Bad posture

  • Lack of nutritional diet

  • Strong smell

  • Fewer hours of sleep

  • Hormonal changes in women

  • Medication overuse

  • Certain drinks like alcohol.


Signs and Symptoms of Migraine

 

Prodrome

Few changes may start 24 hours before the migraine appears as warning symptoms and mark the beginning of the migraine attack. The prodrome symptoms may include mood changes, constipation, increased yawning, and urination.

Aura

This phase may occur just before or during the migraine. The symptoms may include muscle weakness, visual impairment such as seeing zig-zag lines and other shapes, numbness, needles and pins sensation in arm or leg, difficulty in speech.

Migraine Attack

The attack lasts for around 72 hours. It may include all the symptoms explained with a headache behind eyes. The patient is not in a condition to eat or even sleep properly. The migraine prevention medications are used to relieve the symptoms under the supervision of the doctor.       

  • Postdrome

After the episode ends, the patient is drained and confused. The patient needs around 24 hours to come in his normal senses.

  • Tension Headache

The tension headache usually occurs on both sides of the head. The tension headache may last from 30 minutes to a few hours. It appears like a normal headache, and the patient may get relaxed by resting and sleeping.

  • Exertional Headache

The exertional headache occurs when a person usually does the more strenuous physical activity than his body can cope up. The headache usually lasts for few minutes. The person gets relaxed by resting.

  • Sinus Headache

As the name suggests, this occurs with sinusitis. The symptoms include dull pain around the eyes, blocked nose, fever, nausea, and more. This usually occurs in patients of sinusitis, which can be relieved by medications by the doctor.

  • Caffeine Affected Headache

The withdrawal of caffeine can cause a headache. Caffeine is present in our routine cups of coffee. If the routine cup of coffee is missing, then it leads to headache usually. The symptoms include tiredness, yawning, less concentration, and dull mood. A cup of coffee can relieve the symptoms along with some rest if required.

 

How to Get Rid of Migraine?

 

The migraine is usually not taken seriously until it reaches a stage where it starts interfering with your normal routine. The migraine can turn into a chronic disease. The symptoms should not be ignored, and medical help should be taken immediately. There are over the counter medication available, but we are not experts to choose the right medicine.

The doctor will examine you thoroughly and may conduct a few tests on you to analyze the situation. He is the only person who can guide you about your condition and advise you the right migraine prevention medication and precautions as suitable to you.

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